How does a Cloud PBX work
A cloud PBX system is a based on Cloud Computing technology, where data is stored and transferred over the Internet, rather than on a computer or piece of hardware that an end-user owns. Cloud technology that has been around for many years, but has only more recently become popular for consumer use with the introduction of programs like MobileMe and the iCloud, both consumer-based cloud computing technologies.
History of the Cloud
Cloud technology has many applications for businesses and consumers. In the mid-1990’s, companies that had previously used “point-to-point” data circuits to move and store data began to use a cloud technology instead as they found that this was a cheaper way to do the same tasks, and made more efficient use of bandwidth.
The term “cloud” likely refers to the drawings of clouds used by its program developers to represent the abstraction of the Internet. The symbol was used to mark the division between responsibilities of the service provider company and the responsibilities of the customer.
Cloud technology means that you can access the data and services of your cloud from any device connected to the Internet. So, with a cloud PBX provider, you can use all of the standard PBX features without the need of an actual PBX in your home or office.
What is PBX? What is Cloud PBX?
PBX, or public branch exchange, is the name used to refer to the technology that any given telephone provider uses to route calls. Originally, a PBX was a large unit of hardware that had to be stored on site and operated by hand. These machines could be very costly for a company, as they were large, needed special storage facilities, needed regular repairs, and had to be operated manually.
Companies with multiple phones and many employees can’t function properly without some kind of PBX technology in the office. In more recent years, a PBX could be made to operate automatically, without an operator, but even these devices were expensive and complicated. And if a business needed to move to a new location, or add or remove a phone line, the process could be very costly and time consuming.
How does it work?
All cloud technologies are dependent on the Internet. A cloud PBX works by connecting to your IP, or Internet phone, for its internet connection. So, you must have a VoIP or other IP system in place in your office in order to use a cloud PBX.
You can access your cloud PBX with a personalized account from any device that can run the Cloud PBX’s interface software. This means that you can access your cloud PBX from any Internet-enabled location or device that you have certified for use with your system. Usually, this is just a matter of logging in with a password or security question from that device. The multiple devices communicate with each other through middle-ware, a software that allows your cloud to have several means of access.
This gives you greater mobility and freedom when using your office phone and PBX. So, if you frequently need to be out of the office, but you don’t want to miss your calls, you can stay connected through your cloud PBX.
Your cloud PBX service provider is in charge of storing and managing all of the data that you want your cloud PBX to hold. This means that your calls are connected to their recipients over the Internet by the service provider. Your service provider also backs up all of the relevant information that you want it to store in case of a loss of data if a computer were to crash. This replication of data is called “redundancy”.
So, the basic breakdown is your cloud PBX system starts at your computer or phone and ends at the phone number you are calling. You make the call through an IP or computer, your call is communicated to your service provider by your cloud, and the call is then passed on to its destination.